The UNCLOS outlines the rights and responsibilities of nations with respect to their use of the world’s oceans, establishing guidelines for businesses, the environment, and the management of marine natural resources.
UNCLOS recognises the twelve-mile territorial limits, the seas within which are considered sovereign territory, and 200 mile Exclusive Economic Zones (EEZ) where states have sovereign rights to explore and utilise marine resources.
The UNFSA goes into more detail on the implementation of the Provisions of the UNCLOS relating to the Conservation and Management relating to the conservation and management of straddling fish stocks and highly migratory fish stocks
has recognised the need to guide fisheries management and has agreed a ‘Code of Conduct for Responsible Fishing’(FAO, 1995a) which, with the technical documents derived from it, has become a basic set guidelines for responsibl fishing at all levels from fishers through to governments and international organisations.
After leaving the EU and Common Fisheries Policy, the UK became an independant coastal state and the Fisheries Act was Passed in 2020.
By the end of 2022, the UK Fisheries Administrations will issue a Joint Fisheries Statement (JFS). This will set out objectives to be met with Fisheries Management Plans for key stocks and Fisheries